Is drug rehab different from drug detox?
When it’s time, drug rehab is the treatment process that helps a brave person quit abusing alcohol or illicit substances. Too often, rehab is confused with detox. Detox as a short and intense chapter that occurs very early in the rehabilitation process. But drug rehab is a process that extends for months. Arguably a person who has left drugs and alcohol behind is in ongoing rehabilitation or recovery for the remainder of their life.
People have choices when it comes to the setting for their drug rehab. Their preferences, the substances they have abused and the intensity of their addiction will all be deciding factors in determining where and how a person rehabilitates. But, rehabilitation is almost always a long-term process. And, it always requires a tailor-made plan for each patient. The individual going through rehab and their care team explore the patient’s health history and underlying mental disorders to create a personalized recovery plan. The combinations of treatments will vary depending on the patient’s individual needs, the types of substances that have them addicted and the complexities and depths of their addictions. The evidence-based methods for treating addiction include ample behavioral therapies such as cognitive-behavioral therapy and contingency planning. Doctors will help with medication management. Not only will group therapy be profoundly helpful during the rehabilitation process, but it will also be an ongoing lifeline for months and years of aftercare. But, patients usually pass through their most grueling moment, detoxification, in the first few days of rehab.
Exploring Dual Diagnosis
The best drug rehabilitation programs aggressively tackle dual diagnosis, in other words, the underlying psychological challenges that catalyzed the patient’s drug and alcohol abuse way back when they first started to use. Most people who abuse drugs and alcohol have a dual diagnosis. Some of the most common dual diagnoses are anxiety, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. For example, a person with undiagnosed depression may seek out the exhilarating feeling that comes from using stimulants such as methamphetamine and cocaine. The stimulants enliven the brain’s rewards center and temporarily cancel out the depression. In such a patient, if they can get aggressive and effective treatment for their depression during drug rehab, their odds of living a sober life in recovery are much higher.
The Rehab Programs
Most drug rehab programs distinguish between inpatient outpatient and inpatient services. Outpatient rehab centers allow patients with family at home to come regularly for their treatment. The individual is not required to stay in the facility. Instead, they dedicate many hours per week to outpatient counseling and treatment. Some experts argue that the success rate four outpatient treatment is low because of the strong environmental influences that compel striving patients to use again. However, for mild addictions, outpatient rehabilitation is usually a very compelling option. For example, if a burn victim needed to recover from opiate dependence after using powerful narcotics for two or three months, outpatient rehabilitation could be an excellent strategy. After all, they will probably not find themselves in an environment where friends or family are prone to encourage them to abuse drugs. In another example, a person who became dependent upon a benzodiazepine medication after a few months of use may need weeks to detox slowly from that medication. Outpatient support would be the correct option for such individual.
Inpatient rehabilitation, also known as residential rehabilitation, occurs in facilities where patients stay for four weeks to a few months. Long-term drug user usually need a long-term rehab center. The residential patients stay in rehab facilities for the required period and are supervised all day and night by therapist and medical professionals. The inpatient environment also shields them from coming into contact with circumstance, people and places that will trigger their cravings to use.
Steps in Drug Rehabilitation
Programs usually start with a patient assessment. The treatment team listens to the patient as they provide details about their medical record, mental health history, and the story of their drug and alcohol abuse. This is a good time for patients to ask questions and express concerns. The findings of the patient assessment inform the specific treatment plan.
Detox is usually the next step. The patient has quit using the substances, and the first few hours are about waiting for the early symptoms of detox to appear. As the body purges the toxins and drug, the emotions and physical symptoms emerge. These effects can be as mild as a headache or as extremely severe as a heart attack, depending on the type of drug and body type of the user. To ease the trauma and reduce the risk of withdrawal symptoms, rehab facilities often use medications to help the body make the adjustment.
After the significant days of detox are complete, the patient takes the next rehabilitation steps. Patients participate in counseling, psychotherapy sessions and group therapy. This is the time to dedicate hours to addressing dual diagnosis, identify the behaviors that lead to addiction, and practice strategies for avoiding illicit substances in the future. Time-proven cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a potent tool that helps patients to identify triggers and how to cope with them.
Triggers are the thoughts and behavior that can lead to relapse. CBT shapes patients’ beliefs about drug use, motivates them and enhance self-esteem. In group therapy, patients often come together to identify alternative activities to drug and alcohol use. These groups also work on helping participants gain the confidence to interact successfully with others in society.
Drug abuse and addiction also have profound effects on families, friends, workplaces, and other social circles. Removing the adverse physical, psychological, financial and social consequences of drug abuse is an essential advantage of drug rehab. So, many rehab recovery plans include programs to help heal families. Family members visit and participate. Friends may also visit and participate. Counselors may facilitate dealing and communication with ecclesiastic leaders and workplace managers. If they newly sober patient has a criminal past, their drug rehab plan will include addressing the appropriate legal processes.
Aftercare is the lifelong process of staying sober and avoiding relapse. People in recovery must exert continuous and consistent efforts after they have left their inpatient or outpatient program. Joining a 12-step program can help recovering addicts navigate the negative influences of their everyday environments.
Is The Addict Ready for Rehab?
How do we know when a person is ready to kick their drug or alcohol habit? Do they really yearn to beat their addictions? Do they see themselves living a better life without dependence on drugs? If their answer these types of questions are affirmative, it’s time for drug rehab. Abstaining from drugs is a feat. The first step is willingness.
The decision to participate in drug rehab is a hard one, but it is even harder to remain sober forever. It takes a lot of determination and sometimes motivation to stay drug-free. But the reward is positively life-changing.